Thursday, August 27, 2009

I. Elements of Design

Symmetrical Balance: when two sides of an image or sculpture, when divided down the middle, are virtually identical, as if reflected in a mirror.
1. "Tilted Spheres" by Richard Serra
2."Lunch Painting" by Michelangelo Pistoletto
3."Ishtar" by Eva Hesse
4."Binoculars" by Claes Oldenburg
5."Big Wings Flyer" by Magdalena Abakanowicz

Asymmetrical Balance: A balancing of a work of art using unequal or varying characteristics
1."Zinaxin" by Magdalena Abakanowicz
2. "Torn Notebook" by Claes Oldenburg
3. Unknown Title by Constantin Brancusi
4. "Alter Ego" by Michelangelo Pistoletto
5. "Air" by Arnold Haukeland

Radial Balance:
a type of balance in which all elements radiate from a central point in a circular fashion
1. "Spring" by Claes Oldenburg
2. "Masa Tacerii" by Constantin Brancusi
3. "Floor Burger" by Claes Oldenburg
4. "Divizione e Multiplicazione" by Michelangelo Pistoletto
5. "Ball of Newspaper-Globe" by Michelangelo Pistoletto

Scale: the relative size of a piece of art in relation to its surroundings
1. "The Giant" by Michelangelo Pistoletto
2. "Saw, Sawing" by Claes Oldenburg
3. "Spider" by Louise Bourgeois
4."Eyebenches" by Louise Bourgeois
5."Blue Diamond" by Jeff Koons

Proportion: the size of a piece of artwork's individual components relative to each other.
1. "Untitled" by Felix Gonzolez-Torres
2. "The nest" by Louise Bourgeois
3. "Observer" by Louise Bourgeois
4. "Malastra" by Constantin Brancusi
5. "Bird II, III, And IV" by Magdalena Abakanowicz

a device (principle) used to draw the viewer's eye to a focal point.
1. "Unknown" by Leonardo Drew
2. "The Sorceress" by Constantin Brancusi
3. "Night Presence IV" by Louise Nevelson
4. "Mademoiselle Pogany" by Constantin Brancusi
5. "Androgyn" by Magdalena Abakanowicz

a design principle involving the use of conflicting elements (such as big and small, dark and light, rough and smooth, etc)
1. "Venus of the Rags" by Michelangelo Pistoletto
2. "Untitled" by Donald Judd
3. "Do You Love Me?" (possible title?) by Louise Bourgeois
4. "Cumuli I" by Louise Bourgeois
5. "Case with Five Balusters" by Louise Nevelson

Variety: a design principle involving the use of diverse elements, such as different textures, colors, shapes, etc.
1. "Unknown" by Leonardo Drew
2. "Rain Garden II" by Louise Nevelson
3. "King of Kings" by Constantin Brancusi
4. "Avenza Revisited II" by Louise Bourgeois
5. "Adam and Eve" by Constantin Brancusi

Repetition: the use of repeating elements in a piece of art, often in order to add coherence, rhythm, and/or movement.
1. "Untitled North" by Felix Gonzolez-Torres
2. "Untitled" by Donald Judd
3. "The Blind Leading the Blind" by Louise Bourgeois
4. "Night Leaf" by Louise Nevelson
5. "Bambini" by Magdalena Abakanowicz

Rhythm: defined as a "visual tempo or beat," rhythm is closely related to repetition and usually involves the repetition of shapes and colors to create movement.
1. "Triptyche Noir" by Magdalena Abakanowicz
2. "Rainbow Picket" by Judy Chicago
3. "No Title" by Eva Hesse
4. "Needle, Thread, and Knot" by Claes Oldenburg
5. "Forty Years" by Richard Serra

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